Poor water supply practices directly affect the social and economic conditions of each and every community. Since actions on water supply systems are usually at the local level, this is an area where individual citizens can become highly involved if motivated and energized with financial incentives. Community education is vitally important for sensitization and mobilization of the rural communities so as to achieve commitment and sustainability. The theme of this discussion is that water-using development projects should fulfil the real local needs for improved production, social conditions and cultural achievement. Consequently, a strategic approach for managing water resources sustainably is essential to the actual planning, development and implementation of water-related development activities.

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