This study investigates the water supply improvement measures used by the rural people of Ebonyi and Enugu State, Nigeria. For the survey six study communities were picked through systematic random sampling. Three hundred households in the six rural areas of Ebonyi and Enugu State were randomly selected and served with questionnaires. Tanker drivers, community heads and government officials were also served with questionnaires. Findings indicate that most government aided improvement measures existing in the various study communities are inefficient. Best applicable alternative improvement measures are then suggested. Among several high-value and low-value alternative improvement measures, massive rainwater harvesting, community participation and training of manpower/educating the masses are the ones most recommended for all the study communities.

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