A multiphase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model has been developed to address the major components of ozone disinfection processes: contactor hydraulics, ozone decay and mass transfer. The model was applied to simulate ozone profiles and tracer residence time distributions of ozone contactors at the DesBaillets Water Treatment Plant (WTP) in Montréal, Canada. The modelling results showed that ozone residuals at the cross-section of the outlet of each chamber in the ozone contactors were very sensitive to monitoring point selection. The optimum locations were significantly affected by multiple operational parameters including water/gas flow rates, ozone dosage and baffling conditions. The modelling results suggested that multiple monitoring points should be used to obtain more representative ozone residuals. The CFD model was also used to study the factors affecting tracer residence time distribution (RTD). It was observed that the method of tracer injection could slightly affect tracer RTD results while sampling location had a significant influence on tracer RTD prediction or measurement. Therefore, it is suggested that multiple sampling points should be employed during tracer tests if possible.

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