Sampling campaigns at several points in a sector of a distribution network were conducted during several months to study the spatial and temporal variation of the free chlorine concentration (FCC) and disinfection by-product concentrations (DBPC) at the scale of a residential neighborhood. The water residence times (RT) at these sampling points and for the same period were also simulated using EPANET. Within the neighborhood, the results reveal significant differences in measured FCCs and DBPCs and low intra-day variability. Catching most of the FCC variability would require several sampling points to cover the spatial variability, whereas for DBPC, it is more relevant to obtain a higher sampling frequency. Moreover, the sampling point choices for DBPC should be based on previous FCC monitoring campaigns. At the studied scale, the RT alone is not the best indicator for the selection of the monitoring points for FCCs and DBPCs.
Variability of water residence time and free chlorine and disinfection by-product concentrations within a residential neighborhood
Simon Rochette, Geneviève Pelletier, Christian Bouchard, Manuel Rodriguez; Variability of water residence time and free chlorine and disinfection by-product concentrations within a residential neighborhood. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua 14 June 2017; 66 (4): 219–228. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2017.083
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