This study investigated a novel method for increasing desalinated water mass in solar desalination plants. For this purpose, solar panels and a cylindrical parabolic collector (CPC) were used to raise basin water temperature. The effect of different components of basin solar still on freshwater mass was also investigated. The aluminum basin has been associated with maximum water desalination among the different materials constituting a basin. The effects of different colors (e.g. black, brown, and red) on the basin, as well as different water depths (5, 10, and 15 mm), were also explored. The highest amount of freshwater in the black aluminum basin at a 5-mm water depth was 2.97 kg/day. ANN modeling was employed to validate the experimental data, indicating good compliance of experimental data with ANN prediction. According to the results of the simulation with varying numbers of neurons (n = 2–25), the highest and lowest agreement between experimental data and ANN prediction data were related to 24 and 10 neurons, respectively. Under optimum conditions, R2 and %AAD error were 0.993 and 2.654, respectively.

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