Skip to Main Content

Recent Developments in Forward Osmosis Processes

Edited by
Rodrigo Valladares Linares
Rodrigo Valladares Linares
Search for other works by this author on:
Zhenyu Li
Zhenyu Li
Search for other works by this author on:
Menachem Elimelech
Menachem Elimelech
Search for other works by this author on:
Gary Amy
Gary Amy
Search for other works by this author on:
Hans Vrouwenvelder
Hans Vrouwenvelder
Search for other works by this author on:
IWA Publishing
ISBN electronic:
9781780408125
Publication date:
2018

Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging membrane technology with a range of possible water treatment applications (desalination and wastewater treatment and recovery).

Recent Developments in Forward Osmosis Processes provides an overview of applications, advantages, challenges, costs and current knowledge gaps. Commercial technology, hybrid FO systems for both desalination and water recovery applications have shown to have higher capital cost compared to conventional technologies. Nevertheless, due to the demonstrated lower operational costs of hybrid FO systems, the unit cost for each m3 of fresh water produced with the FO system are lower than conventional desalination/water recovery technologies (i.e. ultrafiltration/reverse osmosis (RO) systems).

There are key benefits of using FO hybrid systems compared to RO:

  • chemical storage and feed systems may be reduced for capital, operational and maintenance cost savings,

  • reduced process piping costs,

  • more flexible treatment units,

  • higher overall sustainability of the desalination process, while producing high quality water.

ISBN 9781780408118 (Paperback)

ISBN 9781780408125 (eBook)

Recent Developments in Forward Osmosis Processes
Edited by: Rodrigo Valladares Linares, Zhenyu Li, Menachem Elimelech, Gary Amy, Hans Vrouwenvelder
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/9781780408125
ISBN (electronic): 9781780408125
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Published: 2018

Download citation file:


×

Table of Contents

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal