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Organic Compounds and Genotoxicity in Drinking Water

By
A Noorsij
A Noorsij
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J van Genderen
J van Genderen
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J van Beveren
J van Beveren
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IWA Publishing
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781780402598
Publication date:
January 2006

Until recently only lipophilic compounds were analysed in any research on the occurrence of mutanogenic and carcinogenic compounds in water. They were isolated using XAD-resins. They contain approximately half of the total organic material present in water. A clear mutanogenic effect was demonstrated for these compounds using Amestest.

The hydrophilic fraction of the organic material was difficult to investigate because of problems with isolation and analysis caused by its high solubility. The high solubility means in practice that the hydrophilic compounds are mobile in conventional treatment systems and in soil and can easily penetrate into drinking water.

A method was developed to isolate hydrophilic compounds using a combination of ion exchange and a clean-up with a XAD-resin. The isolated compounds were examined with the Amestest for the presence of mutanogenic compounds.

For some tested water types a mutanogenic effect was found in the lipophilic material. Due to oxidation with ozone, mutanogenic compounds can be formed from (non-mutanogenic) industrial pollutions. No mutanogenic activity was found in the hydrophilic organic material of all examined water types, even after ozone oxidation or chlorination. It was hypothesized that hydrophilic compounds can not reach the DNA of the cell, thus they do not play any (geno) toxicological role.

This title belongs to Water and Wastewater Practitioner Series

ISBN: 9781843390480 (Print)

ISBN: 9781780402598 (eBook)

Organic Compounds and Genotoxicity in Drinking Water
By: A Noorsij, J van Genderen, J van Beveren
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/9781780402598
ISBN (electronic): 9781780402598
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Published: 2006

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