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Online Methods for Evaluating the Safety of Reclaimed Water

By
Daniel Schlenk
Daniel Schlenk
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IWA Publishing
Volume
6
ISBN electronic:
9781780403878
Publication date:
May 2007

The Santa Ana River (SAR) is the primary source of groundwater recharge for the Orange County Groundwater Basin. Approximately 85% of the baseflow in the SAR comes from wastewater treatment facilities operated by three dischargers. Treated effluent or surface water impacted by wastewater discharge contains a range of chemicals. Suitable toxicological information exists for only a small percentage of these chemicals, and toxicological data for individual compounds are not adequate for predicting risk posed by a mixture of compounds (most of which are unknown).

The National Research Council recommended that biomonitoring systems be specifically developed for application to water problems employing on-line, flow-through bioassays as a means of more easily judging public health impacts. To implement such a system, fish were employed in an investigative mode to evaluate the water quality of shallow ground water originating from the SAR and allow a better evaluation of risk due to the consumption of recycled water.

This title belongs to WERF Research Report Series

ISBN: 9781843397632 (Print)

ISBN: 9781780403878 (eBook)

Online Methods for Evaluating the Safety of Reclaimed Water
By: Daniel Schlenk
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/9781780403878
ISBN (electronic): 9781780403878
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Published: 2007

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