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Multiple Stressors: Risk-Based Framework and Experimental Design for Cause-Effect Relationships

By
Stella M. Swanson
Stella M. Swanson
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IWA Publishing
Volume
3
ISBN electronic:
9781780404240
Publication date:
August 2004

There is a pressing need for developing and testing a general set of theories in order to provide a confident basis for prediction of multiple stressor effects. Confident prediction is central to confident decision making in water pollution control. Consequently, WERF commissioned this study, which has as its goal to provide a study design based on good science that helps establish a general, conceptual approach to multiple stressors. The objectives of the study are to develop a flexible and scientifically defensible conceptual model of the environmental effects of multiple stressors on river and stream ecosystems; develop a study design to test the conceptual model of multiple stressor effects; and, document the process used to arrive at the conceptual model.

This title belongs to WERF Research Report Series

ISBN: 9781780404240 (eBook)

ISBN: 9781843397076 (Print)

Multiple Stressors: Risk-Based Framework and Experimental Design for Cause-Effect Relationships
By: Stella M. Swanson
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/9781780404240
ISBN (electronic): 9781780404240
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Published: 2004

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