Innovative Wastewater Treatment & Resource Recovery Technologies: Impacts on Energy, Economy and Environment
This book introduces the 3R concept applied to wastewater treatment and resource recovery under a double perspective. Firstly, it deals with Innovative technologies leading to: Reducing energy requirements, space and impacts; Reusing water and sludge of sufficient quality; and Recovering resources such as energy, nutrients, metals and chemicals, including biopolymers. Besides targeting effective C,N&P removal, other issues such as organic micropollutants, gases and odours emissions are considered. Most of the technologies analysed have been tested at pilot- or at full-scale. Tools and methods for their Economic, Environmental, Legal and Social impact assessment are described.
The 3R concept is also applied to Innovative Processes design, considering different levels of innovation: Retrofitting, where novel units are included in more conventional processes; Re-Thinking, which implies a substantial flowsheet modification; and Re-Imagining, with completely new conceptions. Tools are presented for Modelling, Optimising and Selecting the most suitable plant layout for each particular scenario from a holistic technical, economic and environmental point of view.
ISBN: 9781780407869 (Paperback)
ISBN: 9781780407876 (eBook)
Chapter 21: Determining benchmarks in wastewater treatment plants using life cycle assessment
Gumersindo Feijoo, Yago Lorenzo-Toja, Desirée Marín-Navarro, Maria Teresa Moreira, Ian Vázquez-Rowe, 2017. "Determining benchmarks in wastewater treatment plants using life cycle assessment", Innovative Wastewater Treatment & Resource Recovery Technologies: Impacts on Energy, Economy and Environment, Juan M. Lema, Sonia Suarez
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