Trace Elements in Anaerobic Biotechnologies
The use of trace elements to promote biogas production features prominently on the agenda for many biogas-producing companies. However, the application of the technique is often characterized by trial-and-error methodology due to the ambiguous and scarce basic knowledge on the impact of trace elements in anaerobic biotechnologies under different process conditions. This book describes and defines the broad landscape in the research area of trace elements in anaerobic biotechnologies, from the level of advanced chemistry and single microbial cells, through to engineering and bioreactor technology and to the fate of trace elements in the environment.
The book results from the EU COST Action on ‘The ecological roles of trace metals in anaerobic biotechnologies’. Trace elements in anaerobic biotechnologies is a critical, exceptionally complex and technical challenge. The challenging chemistry underpinning the availability of trace elements for biological uptake is very poorly understood, despite the importance of trace elements for successful anaerobic operations across the bioeconomy. This book discusses and places a common understanding of this challenge, with a strong focus on technological tools and solutions. The group of contributors brings together chemists with engineers, biologists, environmental scientists and mathematical modellers, as well as industry representatives, to show an up-to-date vision of the fate of trace elements on anaerobic biotechnologies.
ISBN: 9781789060218 (Paperback)
ISBN: 9781789060225 (eBook)
Chapter 1: Biogeochemistry of major elements in anaerobic digesters: carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and iron
Eric D. van Hullebusch, Sepehr Shakeri Yekta, Baris Calli, Fernando G. Fermoso, 2019. "Biogeochemistry of major elements in anaerobic digesters: carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and iron", Trace Elements in Anaerobic Biotechnologies, Fernando G. Fermoso, Eric van Hullebusch, Gavin Collins, Jimmy Roussel, Ana Paula Mucha, Giovanni Esposito
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This chapter provides an overview of the main biochemical transformations of major elements, including carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, iron and phosphorus in anaerobic digesters. Mineralization of organic matter during anaerobic digestion processes results in the production of inorganic carbonate, ammonium, sulfide, and phosphate species, which are involved in a complex network of chemical and biological reactions through interaction with available macro and micro nutrients as well as microbial processes with profound effects on the efficiency and stability of the anaerobic digester performance. The interplay of iron, phosphorus and sulfur cycles has recently attracted attention in the frame of research developed for the recovery of phosphorus on one hand and in the frame of the addition of iron minerals for enhancing anaerobic digester performance on the other hand. These research topics have led to the development of analytical and biogeochemical modelling tools to provide a better understanding of the fate of major elements in an anaerobic digester.