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H2Open Journal Special Issue on

Strengthening systems and realising human rights: strategies to progress water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)



This Virtual Special Issue was initiated by WaterAid, to bring the voices of practitioners and researchers in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) to the fore. A mentorship system was put in place to support quality submissions from a range of contributors, in additional to the support provided by Guest Editors Prof Juliet Willetts (UTS Australia), Dr. Mova Al’Afghani (CPRG Indonesia) and Dr. Naomi Carrard (UTS Australia).



About the issue: 



Systems strengthening is widely recognised as foundational for ensuring access to sustainable, equitable WASH services in low- and middle-income countries, leaving no-one behind. Such systems comprise clear sector policy and strategy, effective institutional arrangements, sufficient sector financing, regular cycles of planning, monitoring and review and capacity development across the sector; as well as the people, interactions, power relations and behaviours that shape these elements.


Equally, the human rights to water and sanitation provide numerous entry points for change, both in supporting people to claim and realise their rights and in supporting and advocating for governments at all levels to respond.


Effective approaches to strengthen systems and realise the rights depend on inclusive processes that meaningfully involve people and advance equality, including gender equality. They facilitate mutual learning, capacity building and increased accountability, promote informed choice and place development in the hands of those it concerns.





Editorial: Systems strengthening and human rights as entry points for WASH

Professor Juliet Willetts; Dr. Naomi Carrard; Dr. Mohamad Mova Al'Afghani

H2Open Journal (1 December 2022) 5 (4): 686–690.







Galvanising and fostering sub-national government leadership for area-wide sanitation programming

Mimi Coultas; Mable Mideva Chanza; Ruhil Iyer; Lambert Karangwa; Jimmy Eric Kariuki; Hodaka Kosugi; Talia Timani Meeuwissen; Emmah Mwende; Jamie Myers; Philip Son; David Katwere Ssemwanga

H2Open Journal (1 March 2022) 5 (1): 1–10.



Beyond inclusion: practical lessons on striving for gender and disability transformational changes in WASH systems in Cambodia and Timor-Leste

Chelsea Huggett; Livia Da Costa Cruz; Fraser Goff; Pharozin Pheng; Doeurn Ton

H2Open Journal (1 March 2022) 5 (1): 26–42.



Practical system approaches to realise the human rights to water and sanitation: results and lessons from Uganda and Cambodia

C. Kimbugwe; S. Sou; H. Crichton-Smith; F. Goff

H2Open Journal (1 March 2022) 5 (1): 69–83.



Fighting for water in South Africa: public participation, water rights claiming and strengthening governance

Thato Masiangoako; Kelebogile Khunou; Alana Potter

H2Open Journal (1 March 2022) 5 (1): 98–114.



Container-based sanitation in urban Haiti: how can it improve human rights as a component of citywide inclusive sanitation?

Froggi VanRiper; Kory C. Russel; Daniel Tillias; Jenna Tilt; Jessica Laporte

H2Open Journal (1 March 2022) 5 (1): 135–152.



Assessing mutual accountability to strengthen national WASH systems and achieve the SDG targets for water and sanitation

Sarah Dickin; Abu Syed; Nishrin Qowamuna; George Njoroge; Carla Liera; Mohamad Mova Al'Afghani; Sidratun Chowdhury; Zoraida Sanchez; Abdulwahab Moalin Salad; Keren Winterford; Erma Uijtewaal; Virginia Roaf; John Butterworth; Juliet Willetts

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 166–179.



Jakarta water supply provision strategy based on supply and demand analysis

N. Ardhianie; D. Daniel; P. Purwanto; K. Kismartini

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 221–233.



Analysis of experience using human rights to accelerate WASH access in four countries

Louisa Gosling; Tripti Rai; Pedi Obani; Moussa Alou Traore; Landry Ouangre; Fauzia Aliu; Sonu Kumar Shah

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 234–247.



Strengthening water, sanitation and hygiene governance: a critical review of Zimbabwe's WASH sector institutional arrangements

L. Dhoba

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 248–263.



Evidenced transformations: using data to demonstrate improvement in school-based access to water, sanitation and hygiene in Uttar Pradesh, India

Kumar Bikram; Ram Manohar Mishra

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 264–274.



Accountability and advocacy interventions in the water sector: a global evidence review

N. D. Hepworth; T. Brewer; B. D. Brown; M. Atela; J. Katomero; J. Kones; M. Gashaw

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 307–322.



Achieving handwashing with Social Art for Behaviour Change: the experience of the Lazos de Agua programme in Latin America

Anna Zisa; Kristina Nilsson; Raisa Mirza; Tania Vachon

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 323–332.



Scorecard diagnostic tool for the enabling regulatory environment of faecal sludge management

H. N. Mbogo; P. G. Home; J. M. Raude; R. W. Mwangi

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 333–347.



Strengthening country-led water and sanitation services monitoring and data use for decision-making: lessons from WaterAid experience in four countries

Ceaser Kimbugwe; Tim Davis; Fraser Goff; Ellen Greggio; Sokhadeva Chanthet; Benjamin Kiap

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 348–364.



E-learning for WASH systems strengthening: lessons from a capacity-building platform

A. Leal; A. Saleh; J. Verhoeven

H2Open Journal (1 June 2022) 5 (2): 379–394.



A systems approach to improving access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools in Odisha, India

Narendra Singh Chouhan; Monika Oledzka Nielsen; Pratibha Singh; Swathi Manchikanti; Vivek Pandey; Jeffrey P. Walters; Karishma Kadyan

H2Open Journal (1 September 2022) 5 (3): 395–411.



Working with local governments to increase access to WASH services: a case of WaterAid's participatory approaches in Nigeria

Tariya Sarauta Yusuf; Anna Murray; Chukwumerije Okereke

H2Open Journal (1 September 2022) 5 (3): 424–437.



Bridging the rural–urban divide in sanitation with a cluster-based approach to faecal sludge management: a case study from Dhenkanal district in Odisha, India

Shipra Saxena; Narendra Singh Chouhan; Sujoy Mojumdar; Monika Oledzka Nielsen; Swathi Manchikanti; Anindita Mukherjee; Neha Agarwal; Megha Rani; Anwesa Dutta; Rajendran Vignesh; Jeffrey P. Walters

H2Open Journal (1 December 2022) 5 (4): 549–566.



Increasing access to piped water for poor households: an analysis of water connection subsidy projects implemented by the GRET

Terra Michaels; Chanmeakara Suong; Chanrith Chi; Lyheang Morm; Phanit Mab; Justine Denis

H2Open Journal (1 December 2022) 5 (4): 567–582.



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