The Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) has been an effective tool for simulating floods in urban areas, but has been seldom applied for river systems. In this study, a geographic information system (GIS)-based SWMM model was developed to authenticate the model's viability as a streamflow simulator for modeling floods in the Brahmani river delta. The model was set up using a Shuttle Radar Topography Mission-Digital Elevation Model (SRTM-DEM), National Remote Sensing Centre Landuse/Land Cover (NRSC LU/LC), soil from National Bureau of Soil Survey (NBSS), Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) meteorological forcings, and tuned using India-Water Resource Information System (India-WRIS) streamflow data. The calibration and validation of the model was carried out on a monthly time scale from 1980 to 2012, using a Monte Carlo based auto-calibration technique. In addition, a daily basis calibration-validation was carried out. The Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency and Percent Bias values were found to lie between 0.616–0.899 and 0.09–14.1%, respectively. Moreover, the root mean square error-observations standard deviation ratio (RSR) values were almost close to zero indicating reasonably good model performance. Subsequently, the model reasonably predicted the maximum flow that should be regulated to prevent any possible inundation in the downstream areas. The developed model can thus be employed as an effective flood modeling tool.
Research Article|June 13 2016
GIS-based SWMM model for simulating the catchment response to flood events
Pawan Kumar Rai
B. R. Chahar
Pawan Kumar Rai, B. R. Chahar, C. T. Dhanya; GIS-based SWMM model for simulating the catchment response to flood events. Hydrology Research 1 April 2017; 48 (2): 384–394. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2016.260
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