Uncertainties in spatial data associated with basin topography, drainage networks, and land cover characteristics may affect the performance of runoff simulation. Such uncertainties are mainly derived from selection of digital elevation model (DEM) resolution and basin subdivision level. This study focuses on assessing the effects of DEM resolution and basin subdivision level on runoff simulation with a semi-distributed land use-based runoff process model. Twenty-four scenarios based on various DEM resolutions and subdivision levels are analyzed for the Kaidu River Basin. Results can be used for quantifying the uncertainty of input data about spatial information on model simulation, disclosing the interaction between DEM resolution and subdivision level, as well as identifying the optimal system inputs. Results show that the model performance could be enhanced with the increased subdivision level. Results also reveal that the interaction of DEM resolution and subdivision level has slight effects on modeling outputs. Multi-objective fuzzy evaluation is used to further examine the uncertainty in DEM resolution and basin subdivision level on model performance. The results indicate an optimal combination of input parameters is suitable for Kaidu River Basin which could lead to more reliable results of the hydrological simulation.

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