Water flow and solute transport in the upper soil layers are processes which are of importance in many hydrological and agricultural applications. These processes are occurring in a medium which has a complex composition, since the soil is a product of both the geological formation history and various man-induced activities like agricultural development. In addition, the upper soil is subject to cyclic variations in water content in response to the variable exposure of rainfall and outer evapotranspiration demand.

The paper describes simulations of the field conditions at different points within two research fields where comprehensive field investigations have been carried out. The simulations are based on solutions to the partial differential flow equation, subject to the measured climatic conditions and the hydraulic properties in the individual soil columns. The simulations of water content and capillary pressure are compared with measurements.