A two-well tracer test was conducted in eastern Denmark, in which a short duration pulse of lithium chloride was injected into a recharge well and made to flow through a fractured chalk aquifer to a discharge well. The wells were 25 m apart, and the concentration of lithium arriving at the discharge well was monitored at five vertical intervals in the well for a 21-day period. The observed breakthrough curves show a sharp breakthrough front, with an arrival time that is consistent with advective transport through the fractures in the chalk. The breakthrough curves also exhibit a long tail in the falling limb, suggesting the influence of a secondary transport mechanism of diffusion into the porous matrix.
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© IWA Publishing 1993