A large volume sample of river-bed cohesive sediment and water from Hay River, Northwest Territories, Canada was collected during a spring field program in 2000 as part of a study on under-ice movement of sediment just before breakup. Controlled laboratory experiments were subsequently conducted on the Hay River water/sediments in a rotating annular flume at Burlington, Ontario, Canada to better understand the deposition and erosion processes of cohesive sediment transport. The deposition experiments in the rotating flume confirmed that the Hay River sediment is cohesive and the critical shear stress for deposition and the rates of deposition are a function of bed shear stress and the initial concentration of the sediment in suspension. The erosion experiments provided quantitative data on the critical shear stress for erosion and the rates of erosion as a function of bed shear stress and the age of the sediment deposit. The erosion experiments also indicated that the growth of the biofilm had an influence on the erosion characteristics of the Hay River sediment. Based on the data from the rotating circular flume experiments, a modelling strategy is proposed for calculating the under-ice transport of the cohesive sediments in the Hay River.