Abstract

This study proposes a novel comprehensive hydrodynamic flood modelling framework over Mithi river watershed in Mumbai, India, a coastal urban area, to reduce the inundation extent by incorporation of different inland hydraulic scenarios. First, the study addresses the issue of data scarcity by adapting alternate robust techniques to estimate design rainfall, tidal elevation and discharge, the key inputs for a flood model. Following that, a three-way linked flood model has been developed in MIKE FLOOD platform, considering river, stormwater and overland flow, to generate flood inundation and subsequently hazard maps for various inland hydraulic scenarios, by incorporating different feasible cross sections and lining materials. The flood inundation and hazard maps have been derived for 10-, 50- and 200-year return periods of design rainfall, discharge and tide to identify the best possible flood-reducing hydraulic scenario. It is observed that a ‘trapezoidal river cross section lined with concrete’ relatively maximizes the reduction in flooding extent. The proposed framework can be implemented as an effective flood mitigation strategy in data-scarce, densely populated and space-constrained areas.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • This study proposes a novel comprehensive hydrodynamic flood modelling framework to reduce the inundation extent by incorporation of different inland hydraulic scenarios considering various combinations of cross-section and lining material options.

  • The maps are derived for 10, 50, and 200 year return periods of design rainfall, discharge and tide to identify the best possible flood-reducing hydraulic scenario.

  • This easy-to-implement, user-friendly framework has the potential based on modifications along the river channel of being an effective flood mitigation strategy, especially in data-scarce areas, socially-relevant set-ups, and densely populated and space-constrained areas where implementing structural measures like construction of dams, reservoirs etc., are no simple panacea.

  • The area considered in this study comprises of the Mithi river catchment - a highly flood-prone region in Mumbai, the commercial capital of India.

  • This framework would prove beneficial particularly for densely populated urban catchments wherein space constraints render the adaptation of structural measures for flood management difficult.

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Supplementary data