Drainage ponds are a useful measure to manage water resources. However, these small water bodies are characterized by highly dynamic internal processes. This article discusses a simple process-oriented model developed to simulate temporal dynamics of internal processes within drainage ponds. The PondR model is able to simulate the relevant hydrological processes of the pond by using commonly available input data. For model development, data from a 3-year monitoring campaign of the investigated drainage pond served to validate the newly developed model for the autumn and winter time periods. A temporal parameter sensitivity analysis (TEDPAS) revealed that groundwater parameters are predominant during the whole year. The model performed well in simulating outflow together with simulated pond volume and improved the understanding of the hydrological regime for drainage ponds. Regarding the practical benefit, the developed PondR model could be useful in future studies for more precise planning of pond dimensions and water resource management in the field of research and engineering services.