Abstract

An analysis of laboratory experimental data pertaining to local scour downstream of a rigid apron developed under wall jets is presented. The existing equations for the prediction of the maximum scour depth under wall jets are applied to the available data to evaluate their performance and bring forth their limitations. A comparison of measured scour depth with that computed by the existing equations shows that most of the existing empirical equations perform poorly. Artificial neural network (ANN)- and adaptive neuro-fuzzy interference system (ANFIS)-based models are developed using the available data, which provide simple and accurate tools for the estimation of the maximum scour depth. The key parameters that affect the maximum scour depth are densimetric Froude number, apron length, tailwater level, and median sediment size. Results obtained from ANN and ANFIS models are compared with those of empirical and regression equations by means of statistical parameters. The performance of ANN (RMSE = 0.052) and ANFIS (RMSE = 0.066) models is more satisfactory than that of empirical and regression equations.

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