Abstract

In this study, a 2D shallow water flow solver integrated with a water quality model is presented. The interaction between the main water quality constituents included is based on the Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program. Efficiency is achieved by computing with a combination of a CPU and a Graphics Processing Unit device. This technique is intended to provide robust and accurate simulations with high computation speedups with respect to a single-core CPU in real events. The proposed numerical model is evaluated in cases that include the transport and reaction of water quality components over irregular bed topography and dry–wet fronts, verifying that the numerical solution in these situations conserves the required properties (C-property and positivity). The model can operate in any steady or unsteady form allowing an efficient assessment of the environmental impact of water flows. The field data from an unsteady river reach test case are used to show that the model is capable of predicting the measured temporal distribution of dissolved oxygen and water temperature, proving the robustness and computational efficiency of the model, even in the presence of noisy signals such as wind speed.

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