Due to interference from natural factors and the intensity of human activities, the complex characteristics of the regional precipitation process have become increasingly evident, which creates a challenge for the rational development and utilisation of precipitation resources. In this perspective of complexity diagnosis, the multi-timescale variation characteristics of precipitation were analysed in the Northern Jiansanjiang Administration of Heilongjiang land reclamation, China, by the wavelet analysis method. The results showed that the most complex precipitation series was at Qinglongshan Farm. There are five significant main periods of approximately 2, 3, 4, 9 and 12 years in the seasonal and annual precipitation of Qinglongshan Farm; these periodic variation characteristics are almost identical to the periods of the EI Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomena and sunspot activity, which illustrates that climate change has a major influence on the local precipitation variation characteristics. At the same time, precipitation in summer and autumn has similar periods and a similar variation trend to the annual precipitation at Qinglongshan Farm, which indicates that the local annual precipitation variation characteristics are mainly affected by summer and autumn precipitation variation. In contrast with the harmonic analysis method based on Fourier transform, wavelet analysis has a significant advantage in terms of accurately identifying the main cycle of the hydrological time series.

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