Based on the statistical method and the historical evolution of meteorological stations, the precipitation time series for each station in Hunan Province of China during 1910–2014 are tested for their homogeneity and then adjusted. The missing data caused by war and other reasons at the eight meteorological stations which had records before 1950 is filled by interpolation using adjacent observations, and complete precipitation time series since the establishment of stations are constructed. After that, according to the representative analysis of each station in different time periods, the precipitation series of Hunan Province during 1910–2014 are built and changes are analyzed. The results indicate that the annual precipitation has no significant linear trend but has obvious inter-decadal fluctuation during 1910–2014 and a periodic oscillation of 20 years is the most significant. Precipitation in winter (DJF) and summer (JJA) shows a slight wetter trend, and a slight dryer trend in spring (MAM) and autumn (SON). Abrupt change test suggests that annual and seasonal precipitations except for MAM and SON have abrupt ascending changes in the recent 100 years.