Due to global population growth, there is an increasing demand for food production. Consumers are informed about positive (stronger immune system through vitamins) and negative (cancer through pesticide residue) effects of nutrition, and there are also many health-related dietary requirements (e.g. lactose or gluten intolerance, diabetes, etc.) that result in the need for high quality and safe food. Another challenge for agriculture is adaptation to climate change (CC) especially in areas with intense competition for natural resources between agriculture and other uses, or with sensitivity to environmental degradation such as soil erosion, desertification or salinization.

Current trends in agriculture involve employment of new technologies for farm mechanization through drones and sensors and even robotics to reduce production cost, improve resources use efficiency and alleviate labor scarcity in the framework of precision agriculture (for detailed reading see FAO (2017)). Information technology, new software and smartphone applications...

You do not currently have access to this content.