Abstract

The present study proposes a climate change assessment tool based on a statistical downscaling (SD) approach for describing the linkage between large-scale climate predictors and observed daily rainfall characteristics at a local site. The proposed SD of the daily rainfall process (SDRain) model is based on a combination of a logistic regression model for representing the daily rainfall occurrences and a nonlinear regression model for describing the daily precipitation amounts. A scaling factor (SR) and correction coefficient (CR) are suggested to improve the accuracy of the SDRain model in representing the variance of the observed daily precipitation amounts in each month without affecting the monthly mean precipitation. SDRain facilitates constructing daily precipitation models for the current and future climate conditions. The tool is tested using the National Center for Environmental Prediction re-analysis data and the observed daily precipitation data available for the 1961–2001 period at two study sites located in completely two different climatic regions: the Seoul station in subtropical-climate Korea and the Dorval Airport station in cold-climate Canada. Results of this illustrative application have indicated that the proposed functions (e.g. logistic regression, SR, and CR) contribute markable improvement on describing daily precipitation amounts and occurrences. Furthermore, the comparison analyses show that the proposed SD method could provide more accurate results than those given by the currently popular SDSM method.

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