Frequent occurrences of high-intensity rainfall have made urban flooding a significant problem. In the present study, flood inundation maps were prepared for the years 2030 and 2035 based on changes in future land use and land cover (LULC) and rainfall patterns in Nandigama, located in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Hydrologic Engineering Center's Hydrologic Modelling System Hydrologic and Hydrologic Engineering Center-River Analysis System hydraulic models were used to assess future runoff and flood inundation areas for the above years. Future LULC and hydro-meteorological data were analysed and incorporated into the models. Predicted LULC maps showed a high level of agreement with actual LULC maps, as indicated by a Kappa index of 88.34%. The average peak runoff flowing out of the basin increased by 1.82–3.43% for 2030–2035 years, respectively. When considering the average inundation percentage area in Nandigama, it was found that 12.73 and 13.83% of the area flooded in both years. The study recommendations give more attention to the Nandigama flood management authority.
The study assesses future flood inundation maps in Nandigama, Andhra Pradesh, India, based on changes in land use and land cover (LULC) and rainfall patterns.
The study found that there have been significant changes in LULC in Nandigama over the years.
The future rainfall analysis revealed that rainfall variability is distributed throughout the year, indicating a shift in seasonal patterns.