The northwestern coast of Sinai is home to many economic activities and development programs, thus evaluation of the potentiality and vulnerability of water resources is important. The present work has been conducted on the groundwater resources of this area for describing the major features of groundwater quality and the principal factors that control salinity evolution. The major ionic content of 39 groundwater samples collected from the Quaternary aquifer shows high coefficients of variation reflecting asymmetry of aquifer recharge. The groundwater samples have been classified into four clusters (using hierarchical cluster analysis), these match the variety of total dissolvable solids, water types and ionic orders. The principal component analysis combined the ionic parameters of the studied groundwater samples into two principal components. The first represents about 56% of the whole sample variance reflecting a salinization due to evaporation, leaching, dissolution of marine salts and/or seawater intrusion. The second represents about 15.8% reflecting dilution with rain water and the El-Salam Canal. Most groundwater samples were not suitable for human consumption and about 41% are suitable for irrigation. However, all groundwater samples are suitable for cattle, about 69% and 15% are suitable for horses and poultry, respectively.
Hydrochemical and multivariate analysis of groundwater quality in the northwest of Sinai, Egypt
M. F. El-Shahat, M. A. Sadek, W. M. Salem, A. A. Embaby, F. A. Mohamed; Hydrochemical and multivariate analysis of groundwater quality in the northwest of Sinai, Egypt. J Water Health 1 August 2017; 15 (4): 644–657. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2017.276
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