Abstract

A novel reactor was designed and implemented for water purification using deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes (LEDs). The focus was on minimizing the number of LEDs required for effective germicidal action. Simulation studies were carried out on the flow of water as well as the irradiance of UV. Variation was made in the beam divergence of the UV sources and reflectivity of optical coatings used for photon recycling. Based on optimized reactor designs, water purification was carried out both in the static and flow-through configuration. Water from various sources was spiked with a known bacterial strain, exposure studies were carried out and germicidal effect was determined. Our results indicate that under optimal design, a 3 mL volume of water shows a three order inactivation using a single UV-LED in a static reactor in 180 s. For a flow-through geometry, only three LEDs were used in the reactor implementation, and a multi-pass procedure was used to purify 150 mL of water from an Escherichia coli CFU count of 4.3 × 104/mL to 12/mL. While slow, this process requires less than 2 W, and can be powered from rechargeable sources. Faster processes can be implanted using multiple such reactor units in parallel, and can be optimized to the requirement and power levels.

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