Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the removal of fecal indicator bacteria and select bacterial pathogens (total coliforms, Escherichia coli, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) in vertical flow constructed wetlands (VF-CWs) with earthworms and solar disinfection (SODIS) as post-treatment of effluent from a septic tank. There was no significant difference between them in removing bacteria using a VF-CW with earthworms (VF-CW W/E) and without earthworms (VF-CW N/E). Both VF-CWs did not completely remove pathogens; however, with the SODIS technology receiving the effluent from VF-CW W/E, for E. coli, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp. and P. aeruginosa, the values were reduced below the limit of detection and 4.3 log unit average reduction for total coliforms, with 6 h in SODIS.

Graphical Abstract

Graphical Abstract
Graphical Abstract
You do not currently have access to this content.