Natural swimming ponds (NSPs) are a new type of recreational water facility characterized by the substitution of traditional disinfection with biodepuration. While this feature meets esthetic desires of users, specific concerns on public health issues have been raised by the scientific community and local authorities. The absence of a European directive applicable to these environments leaves each country without specific and harmonized indications. The present work describes the local/national policy situation, describing adopted parameters and monitoring activities. All documents underline the need for appropriate microbiological analysis and correct water management.
Regulations concerning natural swimming ponds in Europe: considerations on public health issues
Saverio Giampaoli, Nathalie Garrec, Gérard Donzé, Federica Valeriani, Lothar Erdinger, Vincenzo Romano Spica; Regulations concerning natural swimming ponds in Europe: considerations on public health issues. J Water Health 1 September 2014; 12 (3): 564–572. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2014.211
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