Water treatment and reuse is the key strategy to address the problems of water shortages. To facilitate communication and application of technology and research in water reclamation, the National Conference on Water Treatment and Reuse of China has been held annually from 2017 by the Committee of Water Treatment and Reuse, Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences.
The theme of the 4th conference was water eco-nexus and water environment remediation. The conference, held from July 31st to August 2nd in 2020, brought together researchers working in different areas related to water treatment and reuse from China, Singapore, Japan, Ireland and many other countries and regions. More than 15,000 researchers from universities, institutes and companies attended the virtual conference online.
The conference covered 15 main topics:
Physical separation theory and technologies
Chemical transformation theory and technologies
Biological purification theory and technologies
Natural treatment theory and technologies
Water treatment theory and technology based on microalgae
Disinfection and microbial risk control
Reclaimed water storage and reuse
UV treatment theory and technologies
Standards and policy for water quality control and water resource management
Urban water system and water recycling
Industrial water system and water recycling
Rural water system and water recycling
Pollution control and utilization of rainwater runoff
Yellow River basin water environment remediation
Desalination technology and processes
In this special issue of Water Reuse, 15 papers that focus on cutting-edge technology and systems for water treatment and reuse, were selected among papers presented at the 4th National Conference on Water Treatment and Reuse of China. This special issue is sponsored by CSCEC Scimee Sci. & Tech. Co., Ltd to cover the article processing charges. The 15 papers can be subdivided into three main topics.
The first five articles are in the fields of desalination technology and processes. Bai et al. (2021) analyze the fouling mechanism of ultrafiltration membrane caused by denitrification filter effluent during ozonation. Zhang et al. (2021) investigate the fouling characteristic of natural organic matter in capacitive deionization. Yu et al. (2021) focus on micro-coagulation as pretreatment to improve the performance of a UF-RO system treating the effluent from a coastal municipal wastewater treatment plant. Tong et al. (2021) present a review on advances in capacitive deionization technology for water recycling. Luo et al. (2021) reveal the adverse effects of chlorine disinfection on biofouling of a pilot-scale reverse osmosis system and identify the key chlorine-resistant bacteria causing membrane fouling.
Further, six articles are related to physical and chemical treatment technology and process of non-conventional water resources. Qiao et al. (2021) study the removal efficiencies and mechanism of aniline degradation by peroxydisulfate activated with magnetic Fe-Mn oxides composite. Schnabel et al. (2021) investigate photocatalytic degradation of hydrocarbons and methylene blue using floatable titanium dioxide catalysts in contaminated water. Yao et al. (2021) focus on the application of integrated dissolved ozone flotation process in a centralised fracturing wastewater treatment plant. Lin et al. (2021) present a study on the adsorption characteristics and influencing factors of antibiotics in wastewater by iron-rich farmland soil for the safe reuse of livestock wastewater in farmland. Wang et al. (2021a) provide a feeding preparation strategy for the supercritical water oxidation system disposing liquid hazardous wastes from various industrial manufactures. Lu et al. (2021) investigate the degradation of 1,4-dioxane using a pulsed switching peroxi-coagulation process.
Lastly, four studies deal with problems concerning biological and natural treatment technology and process of non-conventional water resources. Xin et al. (2021) present a study on the behavioral shifts of constructed wetland when the treated water was changed from domestic wastewater to mariculture wastewater. Wang et al. (2021b) investigate copper removal from semiconductor chemical mechanical planarization wastewater in the presence of nano-SiO2 through biosorption. Liu et al. (2021) study Chlorella growth, photosynthetic pigments and high-valued products accumulation in coastal saline-alkali leachate. Wang & Tian (2021) investigate seasonal variations of pollutants removal and microbial activity in integrated constructed wetland–microbial fuel cell systems.
This special issue deals with various problems and investigates different treatment technologies concerning water reuse. In response to the challenges of severe water shortages and the deterioration of water quality, the focus on cutting-edge technology and systems for water treatment and reuse is fast-growing worldwide. Progress is needed to provide high quality reclaimed water, minimize the risks to environment and human health, and support use of non-conventional water resources.