The needs of benefitting innovation filtration expertise have lead to spare consideration to cutting-edge materials, such as nanofiber membranes for water distillation. The presence of organic matter and traces of organics. accumulation in wastewater pose a major problem and current technologies such as coagulation/flocculation and chlorine technology are unable to yield satisfying results. The extra volume of sludge generated by these technologies needs further processing and disposal. Nanotechnology has outstanding potential in filtration applications due to its capability to create precise structural controlled materials for such requirements. Electrospun nanofibrous membranes (ENMs) are cutting edge membrane technology that offer substantial high flux and high rejection rates compared to conventional membranes. ENMs present a revolution in water and sewerage purification by offering a lightweight, cost-effective, and lower energy consuming process than conventional membranes. ENMs possess high porosity, generally approximately to 80%, while conventional membranes have 5–35%. Nano-engineered membranes have great potential in water treatment due to their exotic properties. In this connection, electrospinning membranes are emerging as a versatile technique with promising features for water treatment. This work highlights the application of ENM in wastewater treatment and surface modification of nanomembranes in order to address fouling issues and wastewater treatment from Tabuk Sewage Treatment Plant, Saudi Arabia.