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This collection compiles papers from the 14th International Conference on Wetland Systems (ICWS) which were published after review in the journals WST, WS and WPT. This IWA Specialist Group conference took place 12-16 October 2014 in Shanghai, China.


  • Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system for real-time monitoring of integrated-constructed wetlands

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jan-2015

  • Heavy metals in plants in constructed and natural wetlands: concentration, accumulation and seasonality

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jan-2015

  • Effect of sampling duration on the performance evaluation of a stormwater wetland

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Feb-2015

  • Characteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus removal by a surface-flow constructed wetland for polluted river water treatment

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Mar-2015

  • Submerged macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum affects phosphorus exchange at the sediment–water interface

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Mar-2015

  • Vertical-flow constructed wetlands treating domestic wastewater contaminated by hydrocarbons

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Mar-2015

  • Comparative research on phosphorus removal by pilot-scale vertical flow constructed wetlands using steel slag and modified steel slag as substrates

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Apr-2015

  • Role of vegetation (Typha latifolia) on nutrient removal in a horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland treating UASB reactor–trickling filter effluent

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Apr-2015

  • Pilot-scale study of vertical flow constructed wetland combined with trickling filter and ferric chloride coagulation: influence of irregular operational conditions

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Apr-2015

  • Performance of a pilot showcase of different wetland systems in an urban setting in Singapore

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Apr-2015

  • French vertical-flow constructed wetlands in mountain areas: how do cold temperatures impact performances?

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Apr-2015

  • Pathogen removal from domestic and swine wastewater by experimental constructed wetlands

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Apr-2015

  • Economic assessment of sludge handling and environmental impact of sludge treatment in a reed bed system

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-May-2015

  • Treatment performances of French constructed wetlands: results from a database collected over the last 30 years

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-May-2015

  • Performance evaluation of wastewater treatment using horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands optimized by micro-aeration and substrate selection

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-May-2015

  • French vertical-flow constructed wetland design: adaptations for tropical climates

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-May-2015

  • An investigation into the effectiveness of sand media amended with biochar to remove BOD5, suspended solids and coliforms using wetland mesocosms

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-May-2015

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jun-2015

  • Key issues to consider when using alum sludge as substrate in constructed wetland

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jun-2015

  • Treatment of high organic content wastewater from food-processing industry with the French vertical flow constructed wetland system

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jul-2015

  • The use of palm kernel shell (PKS) as substrate material in vertical-flow engineered wetlands for septage treatment in Malaysia

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jul-2015

  • Presence and persistence of wastewater pathogen Escherichia coli O157:H7 in hydroponic reactors of treatment wetland species

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jul-2015

  • Operating a two-stage microbial fuel cell–constructed wetland for fuller wastewater treatment and more efficient electricity generation

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Aug-2015

  • Cultivation of rice for animal feed with circulated irrigation of treated municipal wastewater for enhanced nitrogen removal: comparison of cultivation systems feeding irrigation water upward and downward

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Aug-2015

  • Floating wetland islands as a method of nitrogen mass reduction: results of a 1 year test

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Sept-2015

  • Vertical flow constructed wetlands subject to load variations: an improved design methodology connected to outlet quality objectives

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Sept-2015

  • Reed bed systems for sludge treatment: case studies in Italy

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Oct-2015

  • An event-based hydrologic simulation model for bioretention systems

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jul-2015

  • Nitrate reduction in reactive swales at low temperatures: full-size field system vs. technical scale

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Jun-2015

  • Recycling of domestic wastewater treated by vertical-flow wetlands for watering of vegetables

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 1-Sept-2015


  • Grass filtration in parallel with VFCW technology for community wastewater treatment through the king's initiative nature-by-nature process

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 4-Dec-2015

  • Land characterisation for soil-based constructed wetlands: Adapting investigation methods to design objectives Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 4-Dec-2015

  • Effect of feed pattern of landfill leachate on water reduction in constructed wetland in Southeast Asia

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 4-Dec-2015

  • Experiences with hybrid constructed wetland and pond system for polytypic wastewater treatment

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 4-Dec-2015

  • An integrated sewage treatment pond-wetland challenges conventional process treatment performance

    Journal Article | Water Science and Technology Date: 9-Mar-2016

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