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low-income countries

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Journal Articles
Journal: Water Supply
Water Supply ws2019097.
Date Online: 05 July 2019
... – lack safely managed drinking water services ( WHO/UNICEF 2017 ). Low-income countries (LIC) are disproportionately affected by the pernicious and persistent water crisis of today, underpinned by a shortage of fresh water resources due to climate change and escalating levels of water pollution. In many...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development washdev2019031.
Date Online: 13 June 2019
... improved sanitation. The lack of capacity has been well documented as one of the main constraints to achieving the MDGs in low-income countries ( 4th WWF 2005 ; Morgan et al. 2005 ; World Bank 2005 ). In Ghana, for instance, although the cost of achieving the water and sanitation targets are known...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development washdev2019131.
Date Online: 10 June 2019
...://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ). adherence Bangladesh children handwashing complexity mothers WASH water and sanitation In 2013, the World Health Organization estimated a total of 297,000 deaths attributed to inadequate handwashing, mostly from low-income countries ( WHO 2014 ). Handwashing...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal: Water Supply
Water Supply ws2019086.
Date Online: 05 June 2019
... Malawi Vibrio cholerae remains a global public health problem linked to fecal–oral disease transmission. There is a high burden of cholera in the low- and middle-income countries of sub-Saharan Africa ( Momba & Azab El-Liethy 2017 ). Montgomery et al. (2018) maintain that cholera...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Water Science and Technology (30 May 2019) 79 (10): 1887–1896.
Date Online: 30 May 2019
... divided in their views on willingness to pay. Considering that the fees for water and sanitation in Oslo are relatively low, some thought people would accept an increase in order to improve water quality. Those who dared be specific suggested that an increase of say, 20%, could be acceptable. Others did...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development washdev2019179.
Date Online: 15 May 2019
... . International Open & Distance Learning Journal 1 ( 3 ), 82 – 88 . Rosa G. & Clasen T. 2010 Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries . The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 82 ( 2 ), 289 – 300 . SAZ 1997...
Journal Articles
Journal: Water Policy
Water Policy wp2019229.
Date Online: 09 May 2019
... for repair, maintenance, and supply, and the glaring inequity between the higher, middle, and lower income groups are the immediate issues around water in Kalimpong. The spring sources that supply drinking water to Kalimpong and Singtam need immediate conservation measures to arrest the declining...
Journal Articles
Journal: Water Policy
Water Policy (24 April 2019) 21 (4): 826–847.
Date Online: 24 April 2019
... Earth's surface, and thus, low-income countries like Nepal will be most affected by continuously decreasing availability of usable water. In terms of water resources, Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world, accounting for more than 2.27% of the world's water resources ( HEMS, 2015 ). Despite...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (4 April 2019) 9 (2): 210–224.
Date Online: 04 April 2019
... (e.g. coffee husk, rice husk, and sawdust) are conventionally used as a solid fuel in many industries in low- and middle-income countries. Solid fuel products can be either in carbonized or non-carbonized forms. Carbonization is often used to convert dried biomass (e.g. wood) into a fuel that more...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (2 April 2019) 9 (2): 198–209.
Date Online: 02 April 2019
... major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in low- and middle-income countries ( Black et al. 2010 ). In addition to being ranked as the fourth leading cause of death for children under 5 years ( GBD 2015 ), child diarrhoea morbidity has not decreased since the 1980s, persisting at 2–3...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development washdev2019048.
Date Online: 28 March 2019
...; Bartram J. 2014 Fecal contamination of drinking-water in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis . PLoS Medicine 11 ( 5 ), 1 – 23 . Boamah V. E. , Gbedema S. Y. , Adu F. & Ofori-Kwakye K. 2011 Microbial quality of household...
Journal Articles
Water Science and Technology (20 March 2019) 79 (6): 1051–1059.
Date Online: 20 March 2019
... senescence, which in this case could have reasonably contributed to internal nutrient release along the system ( Adyel et al. 2016 ). PAHs monitored during II and III periods were in very low concentrations (0.006 μg L −1 ±0.003) with a reduction of 40% (±23) already at the pond outlet. As previously...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (20 March 2019) 9 (2): 289–299.
Date Online: 20 March 2019
... properly cited ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ ). anaerobic digestion biogas production co-digestion informal settlements UDDT faeces As an innovative solution to enhance sanitary conditions in informal settlements in low income countries, urine diverting dehydrating...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (15 March 2019) 9 (2): 187–197.
Date Online: 15 March 2019
... the relation between the implementation of pro-poor water services and the equity of access. Pro-poor water services comprise a set of technological, financial and organisational measures employed by utilities in developing countries to improve service provision to low-income areas. In practice, the...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water and Climate Change jwc2019109.
Date Online: 12 March 2019
... livestock, shortage of drinking water, low yields and shortage of seeds for subsequent cultivation ( Mpandeli 2014 ). Tshibalo & Olivier (2010) corroborate that rainfall paucity is the most common climate hazard in Sagole community. The main impacts of prolonged erratic rainfall in the study area are...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water and Health (1 March 2019) 17 (2): 308–317.
Date Online: 01 March 2019
... drinking water treatment low-income country recontamination safe storage Sustainable Development Goal 6 calls for universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030 ( UN 2015 ). Water kiosks are increasingly being established as a strategy to improve access to...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (25 February 2019) 9 (2): 338–347.
Date Online: 25 February 2019
... drains and peri-urban fields. Safe fecal management is an urgent need, not only in India but for an estimated 1.8 billion people in low- and middle-income countries ( Berendes et al. 2017 ). State and national policies have responded to this need, promoting safe handling guidelines and innovative...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (25 February 2019) 9 (2): 374–379.
Date Online: 25 February 2019
.../s40710-015-0060-z . Parkinson J. & Tayler K. 2003 Decentralized wastewater management in peri-urban areas in low-income countries . Environment and Urbanisation 15 , 75 – 89 . Paterson C. , Mara D. & Curtis T. 2007 Pro-poor sanitation technologies...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Journal: Water Policy
Water Policy wp2019203.
Date Online: 20 February 2019
... back on spring sources closer to the town as their discharge is low. This leads to competition for access to water. Residents also have to invest additional time in standing in long queues at public taps for fetching water. Fig. 12. Most critical challenges in accessing water (basin level...
Journal Articles
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development (20 February 2019) 9 (2): 300–308.
Date Online: 20 February 2019
... ). Unsurprisingly, morbidity and mortality from diarrhoea is highest in low and middle income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where the global gains made towards improving access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation have not been as pervasive ( UNICEF & WHO 2015 ). Nigeria is the...