Skip to Main Content

We have collected temperature data from the existing climatic stations maintained and operated by two official authorities of Pakistan, one in India and another in China (Table 1). Therefore, these data are from reliable sources and are of good quality as described below.

Table 1

List of climatic stations from where data are collected and used in this investigation

Coordinates
StationWatershedAltitude (m)LatitudeLongitudePeriod of recordNo. of yearsSource*
Astore Astore 2,168 35.3665 74.8647 1954–2010 57 
Rama Astore 3,179 35.4548 74.7765 1999–2010 12 
Rattu Astore 2,718 35.1615 74.7852 1999–2010 12 
Burzil Outside 4,239 34.8994 75.0791 1999–2010 12 
Gilgit Gilgit 1,460 35.9206 74.3271 1951–2010 60 
Ushkore Gilgit 3,051 36.0271 73.4148 1999–2010 12 
Yasin Gilgit 3,280 36.4505 73.2942 1999–2010 12 
Gupis Gilgit 2,156 36.1789 73.4386 1955–2010 56 
Shandur Outside 3,712 36.0878 72.5474 1994–2010 17 
Zani Pass Outside 3,839 36.3518 72.1691 1994–2010 17 
Hunza Hunza 2,374 36.3220 74.6461 2007–2010 
Naltar Hunza 2,898 36.1679 74.1753 1999–2012 12 
Khunjerab Hunza 4,630 36.8119 75.3321 1999–2013 12 
Ziarat Hunza 3,020 36.8290 74.4178 1999–2014 12 
Shigar Shigar 2,367 35.6982 75.4814 1996–2010 15 
Hushey Shyok 3,075 35.3424 76.1395 1994–2010 17 
Deosai Upper Indus 4,149 35.003756 75.592112 1994–2010 17 
Bunji Upper Indus 1,372 35.6462 74.6292 1953–2010 58 
Skardu Upper Indus 2,317 35.2864 75.5630 1952–2010 59 
Leh Upper Indus 3,505 34.164 77.587 1876–1990 106 
Demchok Upper Indus 4,278 32.500 80.080 1979–2010 31 
Coordinates
StationWatershedAltitude (m)LatitudeLongitudePeriod of recordNo. of yearsSource*
Astore Astore 2,168 35.3665 74.8647 1954–2010 57 
Rama Astore 3,179 35.4548 74.7765 1999–2010 12 
Rattu Astore 2,718 35.1615 74.7852 1999–2010 12 
Burzil Outside 4,239 34.8994 75.0791 1999–2010 12 
Gilgit Gilgit 1,460 35.9206 74.3271 1951–2010 60 
Ushkore Gilgit 3,051 36.0271 73.4148 1999–2010 12 
Yasin Gilgit 3,280 36.4505 73.2942 1999–2010 12 
Gupis Gilgit 2,156 36.1789 73.4386 1955–2010 56 
Shandur Outside 3,712 36.0878 72.5474 1994–2010 17 
Zani Pass Outside 3,839 36.3518 72.1691 1994–2010 17 
Hunza Hunza 2,374 36.3220 74.6461 2007–2010 
Naltar Hunza 2,898 36.1679 74.1753 1999–2012 12 
Khunjerab Hunza 4,630 36.8119 75.3321 1999–2013 12 
Ziarat Hunza 3,020 36.8290 74.4178 1999–2014 12 
Shigar Shigar 2,367 35.6982 75.4814 1996–2010 15 
Hushey Shyok 3,075 35.3424 76.1395 1994–2010 17 
Deosai Upper Indus 4,149 35.003756 75.592112 1994–2010 17 
Bunji Upper Indus 1,372 35.6462 74.6292 1953–2010 58 
Skardu Upper Indus 2,317 35.2864 75.5630 1952–2010 59 
Leh Upper Indus 3,505 34.164 77.587 1876–1990 106 
Demchok Upper Indus 4,278 32.500 80.080 1979–2010 31 

*Sources: 1 = Pakistan Meteorological Department; 2 = Water and Power Development Authority, Pakistan; 3 = Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) (at Leh, data for 1970–1977 are missing); 4 = China Meteorological Administration. All stations' daily data (except Leh and Demchok) have been obtained, and a monthly average has been estimated from these datasets.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal