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The Köppen classification identifies five main groups of climates: tropical climates (A), dry climates (B), temperate climates (C), boreal climates (D) and polar climates (E). All these main groups are further divided by Köppen in order to better classify sub-climates. In this paper we use the Köppen classes as provided in Table 2.

Table 2

Köppen classes used in this paper

ClassDefinition
Af Equatorial full humid rainforest 
As Equatorial savannah with dry summer 
Aw Equatorial savannah with dry winter 
BS Steppe climate 
BW Desert climate 
Cs Warm temperate climate with dry summer 
Cw Warm temperate climate with dry winter 
Cf Warm temperate fully humid climate 
Ds Snow climate with dry summer 
Dw Snow climate with dry winter 
Df Snow climate 
Polar climate 
ClassDefinition
Af Equatorial full humid rainforest 
As Equatorial savannah with dry summer 
Aw Equatorial savannah with dry winter 
BS Steppe climate 
BW Desert climate 
Cs Warm temperate climate with dry summer 
Cw Warm temperate climate with dry winter 
Cf Warm temperate fully humid climate 
Ds Snow climate with dry summer 
Dw Snow climate with dry winter 
Df Snow climate 
Polar climate 

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