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Previous research has shown the strong potential of discharged waste effluents to be used as nutrient media for production of various biobased chemicals (Table 1).

Table 1

High value chemicals bioproduction from waste sources

Waste streamMicrobial strainEnd productEnd product concentrationReferences
Whey Pseudomonas hydrogenovora Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) 2.0 g/L Koller et al. (2008)  
Sugar molasses Mixed culture Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) 0.2–0.6 g/L Albuquerque et al. (2010)  
Agro-industrial oily waste Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIMB 40045 Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) 2.3 g/L Fernandez et al. (2005)  
Monosodium glutamate Rhodolotura glutinis Biodiesel 11.56% w/w Xue et al. (2006)  
Dairy manure Rhizopus oryzae L-(+) lactic acid 1.14–1.57 g/L Sun et al. (2012)  
Grains Lactobacillus spp. Bacillus spp. Lactic acid 0.38–4.20 g/L Gao et al. (2011)  
Municipal Bacillus thuringiensis Biopesticides 3,300 IU/μL Montiel et al. (2001)  
Olive mill Candida cylindracea NRRL Y-17506 Lipase 9.23 IU/mL D'Annibale et al. (2006)  
Starch Rhodolotura glutinis Biodiesel 30% w/w Xue et al. (2010)  
Spent fermentation broth Trichosporon dermatis Microbial oil 13.50% w/w Peng et al. (2013)  
Sugarcane Aspergillus terreus Single cell protein 25% w/w El-Nawwi & El-Kader (1996)  
Waste streamMicrobial strainEnd productEnd product concentrationReferences
Whey Pseudomonas hydrogenovora Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) 2.0 g/L Koller et al. (2008)  
Sugar molasses Mixed culture Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) 0.2–0.6 g/L Albuquerque et al. (2010)  
Agro-industrial oily waste Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIMB 40045 Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) 2.3 g/L Fernandez et al. (2005)  
Monosodium glutamate Rhodolotura glutinis Biodiesel 11.56% w/w Xue et al. (2006)  
Dairy manure Rhizopus oryzae L-(+) lactic acid 1.14–1.57 g/L Sun et al. (2012)  
Grains Lactobacillus spp. Bacillus spp. Lactic acid 0.38–4.20 g/L Gao et al. (2011)  
Municipal Bacillus thuringiensis Biopesticides 3,300 IU/μL Montiel et al. (2001)  
Olive mill Candida cylindracea NRRL Y-17506 Lipase 9.23 IU/mL D'Annibale et al. (2006)  
Starch Rhodolotura glutinis Biodiesel 30% w/w Xue et al. (2010)  
Spent fermentation broth Trichosporon dermatis Microbial oil 13.50% w/w Peng et al. (2013)  
Sugarcane Aspergillus terreus Single cell protein 25% w/w El-Nawwi & El-Kader (1996)  

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