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Table 2

Universal and specific MST indicators in human and animal wastewater and in liquid manure

Human wastewaterSlaughterhouse wastewaterLiquid manure
Nr. posMedianaRangeaNr. posMedianaRangeaNr. posMedianaRangea
Universal indicator 
E. coli 13/13 4.7 4.0–5.6 6/7 3.6 0–5.3 4/4 6.4 5.0–6.9 
 Somatic coliphages 13/13 3.7 2.7–4.8 7/7 3.2 2.4–4.4 3/4 4.2 0–4.9 
 Phages of RYC 2056 13/13 2.0 1.1–3.8 3/7 0–0.9 0/4 n/a n/a 
Human MST indicator 
 Sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria 13/13 4.5 4.0–5.2 0/7 n/a n/a 0/4 n/a n/a 
 Phages of GA-17 13/13 1.7 0.9–2.6 1/7 0–0.5 0/4 n/a n/a 
 Phages of GB-124 13/13 1.8 0.6–2.7 0/7 n/a n/a 0/4 n/a n/a 
 Phages of ARABA 84b 10/10 1.6 0.9–2.1 0/3 n/a n/a 0/2 n/a n/a 
 Phages of ARABA 19b 9/10 1.0 0–1.4 0/3 n/a n/a 0/2 n/a n/a 
S. agalactiaeb 10/10 1.5 0.6–1.8 0/5 n/a n/a 0/2 n/a n/a 
Animal MST indicator 
R. coprophilus (culture) 1/13 0–3.0 5/7 3.0 0–3.7 3/3 6.9 3.6–6.9 
R. coprophilus (PCR)b 1/10 0–3.6 5/7 0.3 0–1.8 2/2 7.5 3.9–7.8 
 Phages of KBA 60b 0/10 n/a n/a 4/4 0.3 0–0.8 0/1 n/a n/a 
 Phages of RBA 63b 0/10 n/a n/a 3/4 0–0.3 0/1 n/a n/a 
 Phages of RBA 64b 0/10 n/a n/a 3/4 0–0.7 0/1 n/a n/a 
Human wastewaterSlaughterhouse wastewaterLiquid manure
Nr. posMedianaRangeaNr. posMedianaRangeaNr. posMedianaRangea
Universal indicator 
E. coli 13/13 4.7 4.0–5.6 6/7 3.6 0–5.3 4/4 6.4 5.0–6.9 
 Somatic coliphages 13/13 3.7 2.7–4.8 7/7 3.2 2.4–4.4 3/4 4.2 0–4.9 
 Phages of RYC 2056 13/13 2.0 1.1–3.8 3/7 0–0.9 0/4 n/a n/a 
Human MST indicator 
 Sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria 13/13 4.5 4.0–5.2 0/7 n/a n/a 0/4 n/a n/a 
 Phages of GA-17 13/13 1.7 0.9–2.6 1/7 0–0.5 0/4 n/a n/a 
 Phages of GB-124 13/13 1.8 0.6–2.7 0/7 n/a n/a 0/4 n/a n/a 
 Phages of ARABA 84b 10/10 1.6 0.9–2.1 0/3 n/a n/a 0/2 n/a n/a 
 Phages of ARABA 19b 9/10 1.0 0–1.4 0/3 n/a n/a 0/2 n/a n/a 
S. agalactiaeb 10/10 1.5 0.6–1.8 0/5 n/a n/a 0/2 n/a n/a 
Animal MST indicator 
R. coprophilus (culture) 1/13 0–3.0 5/7 3.0 0–3.7 3/3 6.9 3.6–6.9 
R. coprophilus (PCR)b 1/10 0–3.6 5/7 0.3 0–1.8 2/2 7.5 3.9–7.8 
 Phages of KBA 60b 0/10 n/a n/a 4/4 0.3 0–0.8 0/1 n/a n/a 
 Phages of RBA 63b 0/10 n/a n/a 3/4 0–0.3 0/1 n/a n/a 
 Phages of RBA 64b 0/10 n/a n/a 3/4 0–0.7 0/1 n/a n/a 

Nr. pos: number of positives of tested samples (analysed volumes according to Table 1).

n/a: not applicable.

aLog colony-forming units (CFU) or PFU/mL.

bData were processed in previous studies (Wicki 2011; Wicki et al. 2011; Wicki et al. 2012).

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