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Table 7

Comparative synthesis, results obtained and cost of different disinfectants applied to an advanced primary treatment

DisinfectantMicroorganismsDoseTime (min)Disinfection methodCosts USDa/m3Reference
Conventional disinfectants 
Physical methods 
UV FC 100–160 mWs/cm2 0.5 Gamma Beams 0.0427 Liberti et al. (2000)  
Chemical methods 
Chlorine FC 5–20 (mg/L) 15–30 Hypochlorite 0.0547 Rojas-Valencia et al. (2012)  
Chlorine 0.0292 
Chlorine 0.0405 
EPA (1999a)  
Non-conventional disinfectants 
Chemical methods 
PAA FC 400 (mg/L) 20 Chemical 3.147 Liberti et al. (2000)  
DisinfectantMicroorganismsDoseTime (min)Disinfection methodCosts USDa/m3Reference
Conventional disinfectants 
Physical methods 
UV FC 100–160 mWs/cm2 0.5 Gamma Beams 0.0427 Liberti et al. (2000)  
Chemical methods 
Chlorine FC 5–20 (mg/L) 15–30 Hypochlorite 0.0547 Rojas-Valencia et al. (2012)  
Chlorine 0.0292 
Chlorine 0.0405 
EPA (1999a)  
Non-conventional disinfectants 
Chemical methods 
PAA FC 400 (mg/L) 20 Chemical 3.147 Liberti et al. (2000)  

aUSD: United States Dollars.

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