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The results of the global analysis of 1997 voting are shown in Table 1, illustrating that voting ‘For’ (support), ‘Absent’ (no interest), ‘Abstain’ (deliberate non-participation in voting process and possible reservations), and ‘Against’ (opposition), corresponds to a gradually increasing ‘upstream’ average NIW in that order.

Table 1.

Average NIW of States according to UNWC voting behaviour in 1997, for States with available data.

Voting record (number of votes)NIW MeanNIW Standard Deviation
All UN States In Favour (103, data for 101) −0.2 40.2 
Absent (52, data for 51) −2.5 43.7 
Abstention (27, data for 24) −10.4 50.9 
Against (3) −31.5 8.5 
Voting record (number of votes)NIW MeanNIW Standard Deviation
All UN States In Favour (103, data for 101) −0.2 40.2 
Absent (52, data for 51) −2.5 43.7 
Abstention (27, data for 24) −10.4 50.9 
Against (3) −31.5 8.5 

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