Skip to Main Content

Sugarcane production occurs along 2,100 km of coastline between Mossman in north Queensland and Grafton in northern New South Wales. For this study, monthly rainfall data were collected from the BOM for each of the 8 cities: Bingera, Mossman, Macknade, Plane Creek, Maryborough, Victoria Mill, Fairymead and Kalamia. Those sites were chosen to perform this study for their closeness to sugarcane paddocks and mills, in addition to availability of long historical records in each of these locations. Missing data were replaced by values found in the nearest weather station. Long historical datasets for more than 100 years were composed. Planecreek historical monthly rainfall dataset commenced in January 1909. Macknade, Maryborough, Mossman and Victoria plantation began in 1908. Bingera and Fairymead started in January 1900, while Kalamia holds the largest dataset dating back to the late 19th century, August 1892. Annual average rainfall for each of the following locations is represented in Table 1. Maximum and minimum monthly temperatures were collected from BOM for each site.

Table 1

Annual average rainfall for each of the eight sites used in the study

CityAnnual average (mm)
Bingera 1,023 
Kalamia 1,076 
Fairymead 1,094 
Maryborough 1,141 
Plane Creek 1,764 
Victoria Plantation 2,032 
Macknade 2,151 
Mossman 2,385 
CityAnnual average (mm)
Bingera 1,023 
Kalamia 1,076 
Fairymead 1,094 
Maryborough 1,141 
Plane Creek 1,764 
Victoria Plantation 2,032 
Macknade 2,151 
Mossman 2,385 

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal