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Table 1.

Categorization of variables.

ValueVariable
Lack of municipal resources6 
 0 Was a factor mentioned by 50% or more of the interviewees and the municipality possesses a high MHDI (0.700–0.799) 
 1 Was a factor mentioned by 50% or more of the interviewees and the municipality possesses an average MHDI (0.600–0.699) 
Lack of access to government resources 
 0 Was not a factor mentioned by the interviewees 
 1 Was a factor mentioned by at least 50% of the interviewees 
 2 Was a factor mentioned by at least 50% of the interviewees or the adoption of the service provision model for water and sanitation was perceived as an opportunity to overcome lack of access to government resources 
Search for external resources 
 0 The municipality did not request state or federal resources 
 1 The municipality received state or federal resources for water supply and sanitation in the past 5 years 
 2 The municipality requested state or federal resources and did not receive them 
Influence of public administrator 
 0 The executive municipal authorities do not adopt any particular posture intending to modify the current service provision model for water and sanitation 
 1 The executive municipal authorities adopt a posture demonstrating intention to modify the current service provision model for water and sanitation, but it was a factor mentioned in less than 50% of the interviewees 
 2 The executive municipal authorities adopt a posture demonstrating intention to modify the current service provision model for water and sanitation and it was a factor mentioned in more than 50% of the interviewees 
Need for political contacts 
 0 The municipal executive authorities did not use political contacts to facilitate/intermediate the adoption of the service provision model for water and sanitation 
 1 The municipal executive authorities used political contacts to facilitate/intermediate the adoption of the service provision model for water and sanitation 
Political-party aspects 
 0 Political groups did not show resistance or create opposition movements during the process of adopting and implementing the service provision model for water and sanitation 
 2 Political groups showed resistance or created opposition movements during the process of adopting and implementing the service provision model for water and sanitation 
Social participation 
 0 The public did not demonstrate in any organized fashion 
 1 The public was visibly contrary to the adoption of the determined service provision model for water and sanitation 
 2 Effective public participation in the process of adopting the service provision model for water and sanitation, via marches, demonstrations, or public hearings 
Preoccupation with water and sanitation 
 0 The supply of water supply services in the municipality was satisfactory 
 1 The supply of water supply services in the municipality was unsatisfactory but the population did not demand improvements 
 2 The supply of water supply services in the municipality was unsatisfactory but the population demanded improvements 
Institutional aspects 
 0 The municipality was seeking alternatives to improve the quality of the service provided independently of the specific characteristics of the management models 
 1 The municipality was seeking alternatives to improve the quality of the service provided, with a focus on particular aspects that were specific to the determined management models 
Legal aspects 
 0 Legislative or contractual matters with the provider of water and sanitation services were not taken into consideration in the adoption of the given model 
 1 Legislative or contractual matters with the provider of water and sanitation services were taken into consideration in the adoption of the given model 
ValueVariable
Lack of municipal resources6 
 0 Was a factor mentioned by 50% or more of the interviewees and the municipality possesses a high MHDI (0.700–0.799) 
 1 Was a factor mentioned by 50% or more of the interviewees and the municipality possesses an average MHDI (0.600–0.699) 
Lack of access to government resources 
 0 Was not a factor mentioned by the interviewees 
 1 Was a factor mentioned by at least 50% of the interviewees 
 2 Was a factor mentioned by at least 50% of the interviewees or the adoption of the service provision model for water and sanitation was perceived as an opportunity to overcome lack of access to government resources 
Search for external resources 
 0 The municipality did not request state or federal resources 
 1 The municipality received state or federal resources for water supply and sanitation in the past 5 years 
 2 The municipality requested state or federal resources and did not receive them 
Influence of public administrator 
 0 The executive municipal authorities do not adopt any particular posture intending to modify the current service provision model for water and sanitation 
 1 The executive municipal authorities adopt a posture demonstrating intention to modify the current service provision model for water and sanitation, but it was a factor mentioned in less than 50% of the interviewees 
 2 The executive municipal authorities adopt a posture demonstrating intention to modify the current service provision model for water and sanitation and it was a factor mentioned in more than 50% of the interviewees 
Need for political contacts 
 0 The municipal executive authorities did not use political contacts to facilitate/intermediate the adoption of the service provision model for water and sanitation 
 1 The municipal executive authorities used political contacts to facilitate/intermediate the adoption of the service provision model for water and sanitation 
Political-party aspects 
 0 Political groups did not show resistance or create opposition movements during the process of adopting and implementing the service provision model for water and sanitation 
 2 Political groups showed resistance or created opposition movements during the process of adopting and implementing the service provision model for water and sanitation 
Social participation 
 0 The public did not demonstrate in any organized fashion 
 1 The public was visibly contrary to the adoption of the determined service provision model for water and sanitation 
 2 Effective public participation in the process of adopting the service provision model for water and sanitation, via marches, demonstrations, or public hearings 
Preoccupation with water and sanitation 
 0 The supply of water supply services in the municipality was satisfactory 
 1 The supply of water supply services in the municipality was unsatisfactory but the population did not demand improvements 
 2 The supply of water supply services in the municipality was unsatisfactory but the population demanded improvements 
Institutional aspects 
 0 The municipality was seeking alternatives to improve the quality of the service provided independently of the specific characteristics of the management models 
 1 The municipality was seeking alternatives to improve the quality of the service provided, with a focus on particular aspects that were specific to the determined management models 
Legal aspects 
 0 Legislative or contractual matters with the provider of water and sanitation services were not taken into consideration in the adoption of the given model 
 1 Legislative or contractual matters with the provider of water and sanitation services were taken into consideration in the adoption of the given model 
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