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Table 1.

MWSS pre-privatization: Comparative performance of Asian water utilities.

CityCoverage (%)NRWa (%)Water availability (hours)Staff/1,000 connections ratio
Manila 67 58 17 9.8 
Bangkok 82 38 24 4.6 
Kuala Lumpur 100 36 24 1.1 
Singapore 100 24 2.0 
Seoul 100 35 24 2.3 
Shanghai 100 14 24 6.1 
Average (50 utilities) 81 35–40 19 11.8 
CityCoverage (%)NRWa (%)Water availability (hours)Staff/1,000 connections ratio
Manila 67 58 17 9.8 
Bangkok 82 38 24 4.6 
Kuala Lumpur 100 36 24 1.1 
Singapore 100 24 2.0 
Seoul 100 35 24 2.3 
Shanghai 100 14 24 6.1 
Average (50 utilities) 81 35–40 19 11.8 

Table developed by author (2015) using data from ADB (1997). Prior to privatization, MWSS was performing below par compared to other Asian water utilities.

aNon-revenue water – system water loss due to leakage and pilferage.

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