Skip to Main Content

There are several MCDM that can be used in combination with GIS, but we decided to use the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) (Saaty 1980) as it is a widely used MCDM in the field of agriculture and water resources management (Pažek et al. 2006; Hajkowicz & Collins 2007; Karmakar et al. 2007; Srdjevic 2007; Srdjevic & Medeiros 2008; Srdjevic et al. 2012; García et al. 2014; Jaiswal et al. 2014) and is one of the most popular methods for obtaining the weights of factors in GIS-based spatial analysis (see, e.g., Carver 1991; Malczewski 1999, 2004; Marinoni 2004; Marinoni et al. 2009; Nekhaya et al. 2009; Chen et al. 2010; Srdjevic et al. 2010; Machiwal et al. 2011; Anane et al. 2012; Zelenovic-Vasiljevic et al. 2012; Akıncı et al. 2013; Chowdary et al. 2013; Wang et al. 2014). Over 300 papers published between 2000 and 2009 reporting MCDM applications in the environmental (EN) field were identified through a series of queries in the Web of Science database. The percentage distribution of MCDM per application area is shown in Table 2. In terms of the total number of papers published, AHP dominates, being mentioned in 80% of spatial/GIS papers (Huang et al. 2011).

Table 2

Percentage distribution of MCDM per application area (Huang et al. 2011)

 AHPMAUTPROM-ETHEEELECTRETOPSISMultipleReviewOtherTotal
Waste management 50% 17% 13% 0% 0% 3% 3% 13% 100% 
Water management 19% 33% 5% 10% 0% 19% 0% 14% 100% 
Air quality/emissions 0% 10% 60% 0% 0% 10% 10% 10% 100% 
Energy 42% 9% 12% 9% 3% 6% 6% 12% 100% 
Natural resources 50% 7% 0% 0% 0% 7% 21% 14% 100% 
Stakeholders 48% 15% 3% 6% 0% 9% 18% 0% 100% 
Strategy 39% 21% 11% 5% 4% 5% 9% 5% 100% 
Sustainable engineer. 64% 7% 0% 4% 7% 7% 4% 7% 100% 
Remediation/restorat. 27% 33% 7% 13% 0% 7% 7% 7% 100% 
Spatial/GIS 80% 17% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 100% 
EN impact 62% 12% 5% 2% 0% 5% 7% 7% 100% 
 AHPMAUTPROM-ETHEEELECTRETOPSISMultipleReviewOtherTotal
Waste management 50% 17% 13% 0% 0% 3% 3% 13% 100% 
Water management 19% 33% 5% 10% 0% 19% 0% 14% 100% 
Air quality/emissions 0% 10% 60% 0% 0% 10% 10% 10% 100% 
Energy 42% 9% 12% 9% 3% 6% 6% 12% 100% 
Natural resources 50% 7% 0% 0% 0% 7% 21% 14% 100% 
Stakeholders 48% 15% 3% 6% 0% 9% 18% 0% 100% 
Strategy 39% 21% 11% 5% 4% 5% 9% 5% 100% 
Sustainable engineer. 64% 7% 0% 4% 7% 7% 4% 7% 100% 
Remediation/restorat. 27% 33% 7% 13% 0% 7% 7% 7% 100% 
Spatial/GIS 80% 17% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 100% 
EN impact 62% 12% 5% 2% 0% 5% 7% 7% 100% 

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal