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Table 1

Definitions of investment areas in urban sanitation

Investment areaDefinition
Infrastructure  
 Wastewater treatment Centralised or decentralised treatment of human waste from both sewerage and on-site sanitation 
 Sewerage Network infrastructure that conveys human waste 
 FSM services Management system that collects and transports human waste from on-site sanitation 
 Household toilet Toilet used privately by one household 
 Communal toilet Toilet used by an agreed group of people 
 Public toilet Toilet used by the public (for free, or for a fee), including schools and market places 
Enabling environment  
 Policy change A change in governmental law, policy or regulation 
 Institutional capacity building The development and strengthening of institutional skills, instincts, abilities, processes and resources, specifically public institutions that deliver WatSan services 
 Pro-poor unit Institutional department/unit mandated to address the needs of the poorest of the population served by the institution, specifically of a service provider (municipality, water utility) that delivers WatSan services 
 Community capacity building The development and strengthening of community skills, instincts, abilities, processes and resources, specifically related to the provision of WatSan 
 Private sector FSM services Private sector suppliers of faecal sludge management (collection, transportation and/or treatment) 
 Private sector support for toilets Support for private sector suppliers or management of toilets (private, communal or public) 
 Behaviour change The transformation or modification of human behaviour, specifically related to water, sanitation and hygiene 
Investment areaDefinition
Infrastructure  
 Wastewater treatment Centralised or decentralised treatment of human waste from both sewerage and on-site sanitation 
 Sewerage Network infrastructure that conveys human waste 
 FSM services Management system that collects and transports human waste from on-site sanitation 
 Household toilet Toilet used privately by one household 
 Communal toilet Toilet used by an agreed group of people 
 Public toilet Toilet used by the public (for free, or for a fee), including schools and market places 
Enabling environment  
 Policy change A change in governmental law, policy or regulation 
 Institutional capacity building The development and strengthening of institutional skills, instincts, abilities, processes and resources, specifically public institutions that deliver WatSan services 
 Pro-poor unit Institutional department/unit mandated to address the needs of the poorest of the population served by the institution, specifically of a service provider (municipality, water utility) that delivers WatSan services 
 Community capacity building The development and strengthening of community skills, instincts, abilities, processes and resources, specifically related to the provision of WatSan 
 Private sector FSM services Private sector suppliers of faecal sludge management (collection, transportation and/or treatment) 
 Private sector support for toilets Support for private sector suppliers or management of toilets (private, communal or public) 
 Behaviour change The transformation or modification of human behaviour, specifically related to water, sanitation and hygiene 
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