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Table 3

Factors associated with rural caregivers' water chlorination in KHDSS, Eastern Ethiopia, 2017

VariablesPoint-of-use-water chlorination
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
YesNo
Exposure to radio in the last week 
 No 37 237 
 Yes 95 0.40 (0.17, 0.99)* 0.41 (0.15, 1.10) 
Self-efficacy 
 Low 27 221  
 High 16 111 1.18 (0.61, 2.28)  
Motivation to chlorination 
 Low 35 270  
 High 62 0.99 (0.44, 2.28)  
Outcome expectation 
 Negative 27 223  
 Positive 16 109 1.21 (0.63, 2.34)  
Belief on chlorine 
 Negative 10 137 
 Positive 33 195 2.32 (1.11, 4.86)* 2.13 (0.93, 4.88) 
Perceived severity to diarrhea 
 Low 32 163 
 High 11 169 0.33 (0.16, 0.68)* 0.35 (0.15, 0.78) 
Perceived susceptibility 
 Low 29 205   
 High 14 127 0.78 (0.40, 1.53)  
Water quality perception 
 Low 16 201 
 High 27 131 2.59 (1.34, 4.99)* 2.01 (0.95, 4.28)* 
Taste of chlorine 
 No 70 
 Yes 39 262 11.65 (5.80, 23.41)* 10.26 (4.92, 21.42)* 
Wealth status/quintile 
 Lowest 11 68  
 Second 13 55 1.46 (0.61, 3.52)  
 Medium 65 0.76 (0.28, 2.01)  
 Fourth 52 0.48 (0.14, 1.56)  
 Highest 92 0.47 (0.17, 1.28)  
HEW promotion 
 No 17 208  
 Yes 16 124 2.23 (0.72, 14.55)  
VariablesPoint-of-use-water chlorination
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
YesNo
Exposure to radio in the last week 
 No 37 237 
 Yes 95 0.40 (0.17, 0.99)* 0.41 (0.15, 1.10) 
Self-efficacy 
 Low 27 221  
 High 16 111 1.18 (0.61, 2.28)  
Motivation to chlorination 
 Low 35 270  
 High 62 0.99 (0.44, 2.28)  
Outcome expectation 
 Negative 27 223  
 Positive 16 109 1.21 (0.63, 2.34)  
Belief on chlorine 
 Negative 10 137 
 Positive 33 195 2.32 (1.11, 4.86)* 2.13 (0.93, 4.88) 
Perceived severity to diarrhea 
 Low 32 163 
 High 11 169 0.33 (0.16, 0.68)* 0.35 (0.15, 0.78) 
Perceived susceptibility 
 Low 29 205   
 High 14 127 0.78 (0.40, 1.53)  
Water quality perception 
 Low 16 201 
 High 27 131 2.59 (1.34, 4.99)* 2.01 (0.95, 4.28)* 
Taste of chlorine 
 No 70 
 Yes 39 262 11.65 (5.80, 23.41)* 10.26 (4.92, 21.42)* 
Wealth status/quintile 
 Lowest 11 68  
 Second 13 55 1.46 (0.61, 3.52)  
 Medium 65 0.76 (0.28, 2.01)  
 Fourth 52 0.48 (0.14, 1.56)  
 Highest 92 0.47 (0.17, 1.28)  
HEW promotion 
 No 17 208  
 Yes 16 124 2.23 (0.72, 14.55)  

1, base category; *significantly associated.

COR, crude odds ratio; AOR, adjusted odds ratio.

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