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Table 4

Factors associated with urban caregivers' water chlorination in KHDSS, Eastern Ethiopia, 2017

VariablesPoint-of-use-water chlorination
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
YesNo
Exposure to radio in the last week 
 No 57 342 
 Yes 111 349 1.91 (1.34, 2.71)* 0.69 (.38, 1.25) 
Exposure to television in the last week 
 No 10 33   
 Yes 158 658 0.79 (0.38, 1.64)  
Motivation to chlorination 
 Low 45 339   
 High 123 352 2.63 (1.81, 3.82)* 0.93 (0.51, 1.69) 
Self-efficacy 
 Low 20 290 
 High 148 401 5.35 (3.27, 8.74)* 2.78 (1.43, 5.41)* 
Outcome expectation 
 Negative 72 510   
 Positive 96 181 2.11 (1.49, 3.00)* 1.48 (0.87, 2.51) 
Belief on chlorine 
 Negative 27 250 
 Positive 141 441 2.96 (1.91, 4.60)* 1.85 (0.93, 3.63) 
Perceived diarrhea severity 
 Low 82 348  
 High 86 343 0.97 (0.69, 1.36)  
Perceived susceptibility 
 Low 31 307 
 High 137 384 3.53 (2.33, 5.37)* 2.66 (1.43, 4.97)* 
Water quality perception 
 Low 12 218 
 High 156 473 5.99 (3.26, 11.01)* 6.81 (2.76, 16.78)* 
Taste of chlorine 
 No 56 351 
 Yes 112 340 2.06 (1.45, 2.94)* 1.82 (1.08, 3.07)* 
Wealth status/quintile 
 Lowest 29 145 
 Second 27 151 0.89 (0.50, 1.58) 0.92 (0.42, 2.02) 
 Medium 29 145 1.00 (0.57, 1.76) 1.21 (0.55, 2.67) 
 Fourth 45 128 1.76 (1.04, 2.97)* 1.80 (0.83, 3.89) 
 Highest 38 122 1.56 (0.91, 2.67) 1.25 (0.53, 2.94) 
HEW promotion 
 No 23 153 
 Yes 88 178 3.29 (1.98, 5.46)* 2.24 (1.28, 3.93)* 
VariablesPoint-of-use-water chlorination
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
YesNo
Exposure to radio in the last week 
 No 57 342 
 Yes 111 349 1.91 (1.34, 2.71)* 0.69 (.38, 1.25) 
Exposure to television in the last week 
 No 10 33   
 Yes 158 658 0.79 (0.38, 1.64)  
Motivation to chlorination 
 Low 45 339   
 High 123 352 2.63 (1.81, 3.82)* 0.93 (0.51, 1.69) 
Self-efficacy 
 Low 20 290 
 High 148 401 5.35 (3.27, 8.74)* 2.78 (1.43, 5.41)* 
Outcome expectation 
 Negative 72 510   
 Positive 96 181 2.11 (1.49, 3.00)* 1.48 (0.87, 2.51) 
Belief on chlorine 
 Negative 27 250 
 Positive 141 441 2.96 (1.91, 4.60)* 1.85 (0.93, 3.63) 
Perceived diarrhea severity 
 Low 82 348  
 High 86 343 0.97 (0.69, 1.36)  
Perceived susceptibility 
 Low 31 307 
 High 137 384 3.53 (2.33, 5.37)* 2.66 (1.43, 4.97)* 
Water quality perception 
 Low 12 218 
 High 156 473 5.99 (3.26, 11.01)* 6.81 (2.76, 16.78)* 
Taste of chlorine 
 No 56 351 
 Yes 112 340 2.06 (1.45, 2.94)* 1.82 (1.08, 3.07)* 
Wealth status/quintile 
 Lowest 29 145 
 Second 27 151 0.89 (0.50, 1.58) 0.92 (0.42, 2.02) 
 Medium 29 145 1.00 (0.57, 1.76) 1.21 (0.55, 2.67) 
 Fourth 45 128 1.76 (1.04, 2.97)* 1.80 (0.83, 3.89) 
 Highest 38 122 1.56 (0.91, 2.67) 1.25 (0.53, 2.94) 
HEW promotion 
 No 23 153 
 Yes 88 178 3.29 (1.98, 5.46)* 2.24 (1.28, 3.93)* 

1, base category; *significantly associated.

COR, crude odds ratio; AOR, adjusted odds ratio.

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