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Table 2

Independent variables gathered through household survey

Variable nameVariable descriptionMeasure
Village Village of respondent Categorical (e.g., village 1, village 2, village 3) 
Household size Number of people in household Continuous 
Children in household (<18 yr) Number of children under 18 Continuous 
Children under 5 yr Number of children under 5 Continuous 
Age Age of respondent Continuous 
Agricultural employment Primary income generator is agricultural in nature (e.g., harvesting, planting, fishing) 1 if agricultural employment, otherwise 0 
Education level Highest level of diploma achieved by respondent Categorical (5 levels) 
Local government Distance to local government office Continuous 
Local market Distance to local market Continuous 
Food security Respondent identified experience in food shortage over the past year 1 if experienced food shortage, otherwise 0 
Water manager Respondent identified water manager for household 1 if female, otherwise 0 
Water committee Respondent identified the presence of a community water committee 1 if yes, otherwise 0 
House size Respondent identified house size (ha) Continuous 
Farm size Respondent identified farm size (ha) Continuous 
Household floor material Enumerator observation of household floor material Categorical (3 levels) 
Household wall material Enumerator observation of household wall material Categorical (4 levels) 
Household roof material Enumerator observation of household roof material Categorical (3 levels) 
Livestock Respondent identified ownership of livestock 1 if yes, otherwise 0 
Child education Respondent identified if some or all of their children are currently in school Categorical (6 levels) 
Difficult to buy water Respondent identified if there were any times during the year that were difficult to collect or buy drinking water 1 if yes, otherwise 0 
Variable nameVariable descriptionMeasure
Village Village of respondent Categorical (e.g., village 1, village 2, village 3) 
Household size Number of people in household Continuous 
Children in household (<18 yr) Number of children under 18 Continuous 
Children under 5 yr Number of children under 5 Continuous 
Age Age of respondent Continuous 
Agricultural employment Primary income generator is agricultural in nature (e.g., harvesting, planting, fishing) 1 if agricultural employment, otherwise 0 
Education level Highest level of diploma achieved by respondent Categorical (5 levels) 
Local government Distance to local government office Continuous 
Local market Distance to local market Continuous 
Food security Respondent identified experience in food shortage over the past year 1 if experienced food shortage, otherwise 0 
Water manager Respondent identified water manager for household 1 if female, otherwise 0 
Water committee Respondent identified the presence of a community water committee 1 if yes, otherwise 0 
House size Respondent identified house size (ha) Continuous 
Farm size Respondent identified farm size (ha) Continuous 
Household floor material Enumerator observation of household floor material Categorical (3 levels) 
Household wall material Enumerator observation of household wall material Categorical (4 levels) 
Household roof material Enumerator observation of household roof material Categorical (3 levels) 
Livestock Respondent identified ownership of livestock 1 if yes, otherwise 0 
Child education Respondent identified if some or all of their children are currently in school Categorical (6 levels) 
Difficult to buy water Respondent identified if there were any times during the year that were difficult to collect or buy drinking water 1 if yes, otherwise 0 
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