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Table 5

Multivariate generalized linear model (GLM) regression (Family: Poisson, Link: Log) of access to improved sanitation among people who reported having a household sanitation facility (n = 1,140)

 Model 6Model 7Model 8Model 9
Age (Ref: 18–35) 
 Middle (36–55) 0.975 0.977 0.97 0.972 
 Older (56 or higher) 1.014 1.013 1.003 1.002 
Household size (Ref: 1–3 ppl) 
 Middle (4–6 people) 1.005 0.996 
 Large (7 or more) 1.044 1.025 1.015 0.999 
Female (Ref: Male) 0.996 0.994 0.995 0.993 
District (Ref: Alor and Sumba Timur) 
 Luwu Utara 1.596*** 1.568*** 1.349*** 1.326*** 
 1.401*** 1.407*** 1.179* 1.185* 
 Barru 1.538*** 1.555*** 1.315*** 1.320*** 
 Jayapura 1.537*** 1.511*** 1.394*** 1.367*** 
Education (Ref: Less than primary) 
 Primary 1.032 1.034 0.981 0.985 
 Pre-secondary 1.085 1.08 0.997 0.997 
 Secondary or higher 1.188** 1.182** 1.073 1.072 
Reasons for using a household toilet facility (Ref: Not selected) 
 For good health/disease prevention  1.032  1.025 
 Cleaner and healthier living in our home  0.996  0.986 
 Convenience  1.028  1.037 
 To be modern  1.027  1.034 
 To avoid sharing with others  1.178***  1.155*** 
 To avoid embarrassment  1.066*  1.047 
 It's what everyone is doing  1.108*  1.087* 
Wealth quintile (Ref: Poorest) 
 Poorer   1.405** 1.407** 
 Middle   1.471*** 1.464*** 
 Richer   1.537*** 1.527*** 
 Richest   1.517*** 1.506*** 
Having water access (Ref: No)   1.054 1.057 
Received any financial assistance (Ref: No)   0.925 0.927 
Constant 0.542*** 0.521*** 0.446*** 0.432*** 
Adjusted Wald test: F-statistic 7.79 5.98 5.56 4.80 
Degrees of freedom (12, 302) (19, 295) (18, 296) (25, 289) 
 Model 6Model 7Model 8Model 9
Age (Ref: 18–35) 
 Middle (36–55) 0.975 0.977 0.97 0.972 
 Older (56 or higher) 1.014 1.013 1.003 1.002 
Household size (Ref: 1–3 ppl) 
 Middle (4–6 people) 1.005 0.996 
 Large (7 or more) 1.044 1.025 1.015 0.999 
Female (Ref: Male) 0.996 0.994 0.995 0.993 
District (Ref: Alor and Sumba Timur) 
 Luwu Utara 1.596*** 1.568*** 1.349*** 1.326*** 
 1.401*** 1.407*** 1.179* 1.185* 
 Barru 1.538*** 1.555*** 1.315*** 1.320*** 
 Jayapura 1.537*** 1.511*** 1.394*** 1.367*** 
Education (Ref: Less than primary) 
 Primary 1.032 1.034 0.981 0.985 
 Pre-secondary 1.085 1.08 0.997 0.997 
 Secondary or higher 1.188** 1.182** 1.073 1.072 
Reasons for using a household toilet facility (Ref: Not selected) 
 For good health/disease prevention  1.032  1.025 
 Cleaner and healthier living in our home  0.996  0.986 
 Convenience  1.028  1.037 
 To be modern  1.027  1.034 
 To avoid sharing with others  1.178***  1.155*** 
 To avoid embarrassment  1.066*  1.047 
 It's what everyone is doing  1.108*  1.087* 
Wealth quintile (Ref: Poorest) 
 Poorer   1.405** 1.407** 
 Middle   1.471*** 1.464*** 
 Richer   1.537*** 1.527*** 
 Richest   1.517*** 1.506*** 
Having water access (Ref: No)   1.054 1.057 
Received any financial assistance (Ref: No)   0.925 0.927 
Constant 0.542*** 0.521*** 0.446*** 0.432*** 
Adjusted Wald test: F-statistic 7.79 5.98 5.56 4.80 
Degrees of freedom (12, 302) (19, 295) (18, 296) (25, 289) 

*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.

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