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Table 1

Core questions and response categories used in MICS and DHS surveys

QuestionResponse category
What kind of toilet facility do members of your household usually use? 
  1. 1.

    Flush/pour flush:

    • a. Flush to piped sewer systema

    • b. Flush to septic tanka

    • c. Flush to pit (latrine)a

    • d. Flush to somewhere else

    • e. Flush to unknown place/not sure

  2. 2.

    Ventilated Improved Pit latrine (VIP)a

  3. 3.

    Pit latrine with slaba

  4. 4.

    Pit latrine without slab/open pit

  5. 5.

    Composting toileta

  6. 6.

    Bucket

  7. 7.

    Hanging toilet/hanging latrine

  8. 8.

    No facilities or bush or field

  9. 9.

    Other (specify)

 
Do you share this facility with others who are not members of your household?  
With how many households do you share this facility?  
QuestionResponse category
What kind of toilet facility do members of your household usually use? 
  1. 1.

    Flush/pour flush:

    • a. Flush to piped sewer systema

    • b. Flush to septic tanka

    • c. Flush to pit (latrine)a

    • d. Flush to somewhere else

    • e. Flush to unknown place/not sure

  2. 2.

    Ventilated Improved Pit latrine (VIP)a

  3. 3.

    Pit latrine with slaba

  4. 4.

    Pit latrine without slab/open pit

  5. 5.

    Composting toileta

  6. 6.

    Bucket

  7. 7.

    Hanging toilet/hanging latrine

  8. 8.

    No facilities or bush or field

  9. 9.

    Other (specify)

 
Do you share this facility with others who are not members of your household?  
With how many households do you share this facility?  

Note:aRefers to improved sanitation technologies as defined by the JMP.

Source:WHO/UNICEF (2006).

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